Historical Snapshot

XP-67 Fighter

On Aug. 14, 1941, the U.S. Army Air Forces placed its first order with the tiny, 2-year-old McDonnell Aircraft Corp. for two prototypes of a novel, twin-engine, long-range fighter with a pressurized cabin. The turbo-supercharged 12-cylinder, inverted-V, liquid-cooled engines would be housed in long nacelles and would drive four-blade propellers in opposite directions. They were to maximize the use of exhaust to increase engine thrust.

McDonnell promised a top speed of 472 mph (760 kph) for the 20,000-pound (9,070-kilogram) airplane. The XP-67 was completed in St. Louis, Mo., in December 1943. The XP-67 had a unique design: the airplane’s fuselage and shaped engine nacelles were blended into a laminar flow wing. This resulted in the XP-67’s nicknames, “Bat” and “Moonbat.”

Its first flight took place on Jan. 6, 1944, with chief test pilot E. E. “Ed” Elliot at the controls. Temperamental engines caused the airplane’s first flight to last only six minutes. Further test-flight delays were caused by several bouts of engine overheating and fires. With only 40 hours on the airframe, the final blow came on Sept. 6, 1944, during a mission out of Lambert Field in St. Louis, Mo.

Shortly after takeoff, the right engine caught fire. Elliot quickly returned to base and approached for a crosswind landing, keeping the flames away from the fuselage. However, as the aircraft was coming to a full stop, a brake failure caused the aircraft to turn the burning engine upwind. Elliot escaped uninjured as the No. 1 prototype was fully engulfed in flames. The program was halted, and the No. 2 prototype, only 15 percent complete, was never finished.

    Technical Specifications

    First flight Jan. 6, 1944
    Wingspan 55 feet
    Length 44 feet 9 inches
    Height 15 feet 9 inches
    Weight 20,000 pounds
    Speed 405 mph
    Ceiling 37,400 feet
    Range 2,384 miles
    Power plant Two 1,060-horsepower thrust Continental XI-1430 engines
    Accommodation One crew
    Armament Six .50-caliber machine guns, four 20 mm cannons